The coronavirus which was first detected in Chinese city, Wuhan, on December 2019 and spread to more than 45 other countries, has created a situation of panic in every corner of the world. Every person of the world is seems to be scary and frightened after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global health emergency after getting confirmation of its human to human transfer. The developed countries including the U.S., the U.K., Singapore, France, Russia, Spain, Italy, Canada and others are failed to control this situation.
The coronavirus outbreak has reached in Pakistan as health authorities have confirmed five cases. It’s worth mentioning here that “We have now 5th confirmed case of COVID19 in federal areas,” Zafar Mirza, the country’s health minister said in a tweet early Tuesday morning.
According to the WHO, coronaviruses (new strain that had not been previously identified in humans) are a family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
These viruses were originally transmitted between animals and people. SARS, for instance, was transmitted from civet cats to humans while MERS moved to humans from a type of camel. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
The name coronavirus comes from the Latin word corona, meaning crown or halo. Under an electron microscope, the image of the virus looks like a solar corona.
Common signs of infection include:
• Respiratory symptoms
• Shortness of breath
• Breathing difficulties.
• In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death
To counter misinformation being circulated and address public concerns, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has busted common myths on its website.
The death rates were lowest for the under 30s - there were eight deaths in 4,500 cases. And deaths were at least five times more common among people with diabetes, high blood pressure or heart or breathing problems.
There was even a slightly higher number of deaths among men compared to women. All of these factors interact with each other and we don't yet have a complete picture of the risk for every type of person in every location.